WHAT IS A PATTA DOCUMENT?
Posted On: March 15, 2021
With the emergence of more and more people, comes the need for more and more houses to accommodate them! Hence, the people’s way of dealing with this is to purchase properties and keep them as an asset so as to sell these properties when the time is right and the rates are high. This paves the way for a lot of fraudulent and phony activities to take place. For this very reason, buyers as well as sellers must make sure that the property they are investing in free from any and all kinds of complications. The only way to ensure that happens is by obtaining a “Patta”.
Let's start with what a Land Patta really is?
The word “Patta” has always been associated with land and property and is referred to as a Land Deed or more accurately, a “Record of Rights”. It is a crucial document issued by the Government that contains the details of the ‘ownership’ of a particular property. For the same reason, it is also referred to as a ‘Record Of Rights’ or ‘ROR’. Basically, the person whose name is mentioned on the Patta is considered to be the owner of that property.
Why is a Land Patta a big deal?
We get that a lot! In the times we live in, one click can help solve any issue. But with Patta, we wish that were the case. As it is a salient component in the record of ownership, any and all transactions involving the land in question requires a Patta. With its legal advantages, a Patta can be used to establish ownership in a court of law. It also acts as a crucial document in the event of sale or government acquisition. With cases of land and property encroachment on the rise, it is imperative to hold a land patta. It contains the names of the property owners by law and acts as a form of proof in the case of dispute.
What type of properties require a Land Patta?
A Patta is essential for empty and vacant plots as well as lands with buildings and/or structures-in-progress. Although, plots that are left out without any kind of construction on it otherwise known as vacant plots of land, needs the Patta document the most. In the case of apartments, acquiring a Patta document is optional and can be filed mutually by the apartment owners owing to the fact that the land is owned in undivided shares.
Details on a Patta Document
The Patta as a document is informative and gives you clarity on the property concerned. It contains the name of the owner; quantity of Patta; subdivision and survey number; name of the district, village and taluk of the owner; area or dimensions of the land; tax details of the owner and last but not the least- nature of land, i.e. dry land (punjai - it has low water reservoirs and depends on other water sources like borewell, well, etc.) or wetland (nanjai - land situated near lakes, canals, rivers or any form of water body).
So how does one acquire a Land Patta?
The process of obtaining a brand new Patta used to be extensive and nothing short of a prolonged process. But now the procedure is more streamlined and can be done over the internet itself. The prescribed procedure can be initiated by visiting www.eservices.tn.gov.in and enclosing the required details such as district, concerned taluk office, village name, SF number, in order to quickly get your Patta.
How does a ‘Transfer of Patta’ work?
The process of transferring of Patta is slightly different from that of obtaining a Patta. When it comes to the changing of names of an existing land from an old Patta to a new one;
You will be required to first visit the E-services and get the sale deed, parent deed, old Patta, and the encumbrance certificate scanned.
You will then be required to visit the Village Administrative Office (VAO) and submit the aforementioned documents.
The VAO will then update the name online, and will forward it to the Deputy Thasilthar for further process.
You will then have to meet with the DT at the Taluk Office and request him to approve of the name change which was forwarded by the VAO.
It might take a good 30 days for the changes to be reflected and a new Patta to be issued.
How can we help?
At Lands and Lands, our in-depth knowledge in the field of Real Estate gives us an added edge when it comes to procuring a Patta or handling a Patta Transfer. Having performed the same for many of our clients, we are also well versed in the order of offices that need to be approached in order to get the job carried out seamlessly. With the prominence of Patta and its legal advantages, it's best to leave the job to our experts who will handle your Patta requirements, be it a new one or a transfer with zero hassles!